Guangzhou is the birthplace of my country's Maritime Silk Road, and it is also the only ever-lasting foreign trade port with the oldest qualifications in history. [**]s the outer port of Guangzhou's foreign trade, the Pineapple Temple, which was located in Miaotou Village, Nangang, Huangpu during the Tang Dynasty, gradually developed into the outer port of Guangzhou's foreign trade in the Qing Dynasty. Especially in the 24th year of Kangxi (1685), after the Qing government set up the Guangdong Customs in Guangzhou and set up the Huangpu registration gate at the Jiangyuan Wharf to the south of Huangpu Village, Huangpu Village became the only place for Sino-foreign trade and to impose tariffs on foreign merchant ships. Place.
In the 22nd year of Emperor Qianlong (1757), the Qing government announced the abolition of the customs of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Fujian, leaving only the Guangdong customs, and made a decision that “the port will be set in Guangdong” and that barbarian ships “can only be berthed in Guangdong for trade”. [**]s a result, the huge Chinese maritime foreign trade was concentrated in Guangzhou, and it lasted until the 20th year of Daoguang (1840), which lasted for a century.
[**]fter the Opium War, Guangzhou's primacy in foreign trade was replaced by Shanghai, the ancient port of Huangpu gradually lost its former prosperity, and the Jiangyuan Wharf was abandoned due to siltation year after year, which was not conducive to the berthing of ships. During the Tongzhi period of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1874), the Huangpu registration gate of the Guangdong Customs was moved to Changzhou Island, but the name "Huangpu" was still used.