Durian is known as the "King of Fruits", with a strong and domineering smell, delicious flesh, rich nutrition, and great economic value.
Durian varieties such as Musang King from Malaysia are highly sought after by consumers because of their delicate and sweet taste.
However, at present, only frozen durians are allowed to be imported by Malaysia.
1. Information on durian import declaration procedures
1.1. The original and photocopy of the bill of lading;
1.2. Packing list and invoice;
1.3. Contract (uses need to be specified);
1.4. Food circulation permit;
1.5. Certificate of origin;
1.6. Phytosanitary certificate;
2. Operation process of durian import declaration
2.1. Log in to the filing system of the consignee and consignor of food imports for registration of the consignee and consignor's information (1-3 working days);
2.2. Prepare goods abroad and ship to Shenzhen Port or Pudong Airport by sea or air;
2.3. Declare, if there is no problem with the documents and price review, it will be released in about 1-2 days;
2.4. Sampling, testing, and reporting;
2.5. After customs clearance, inland land transportation or barge delivery to the customer's designated receiving place;
3. Basis for inspection and quarantine
(1) "Law of the People's Republic of China on Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine" and "Regulations for the Implementation of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine";
(2) "Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China" and "Regulations for the Implementation of the Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China";
(3) "Measures for the Supervision and Administration of Inspection and Quarantine of Imported Fruits";
(4) "Protocol between the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China and the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industries of Malaysia on Inspection and Quarantine Requirements for Malaysian Frozen Durian Export to China".
4. Names of commodities allowed to enter the country
Frozen durian, scientific name Durio zibethinus, English name Frozen Durian, means: before storage and transportation at -18°C or below,
1. Durian pulp and puree (without husk) frozen for 30 minutes at -30°C or below;
2. Freeze whole durian fruit (with husk) for no less than 1 hour between -80°C and -110°C.
5. Approved packaging factory
The processing plants of frozen durian exported to China must be registered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industries of Malaysia (hereinafter referred to as MOA) and approved by the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China (hereinafter referred to as GACC). The list can be found on the GACC website.
Six, pre-export requirements
1. The orchards for frozen durians exported to China should implement Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) under the guidance of MOA and adopt integrated pest control measures (IPM) to reduce or avoid the occurrence of harmful organisms.
2. The orchard for frozen durians exported to China should construct a net-like structure to prevent durians from falling to the ground. During harvesting and post-harvest processing, avoid durian contact with soil and plant debris to prevent durian damage or abrasion.
3. The orchards for frozen durians exported to China should be regularly monitored against Rhizopus artocarpi and Rigidoporus lignosus.
4. MOA shall supervise and manage the use of agricultural chemicals in frozen durian orchards exported to China, and regularly implement pesticide residue testing to ensure compliance with Chinese safety and health regulations and standards.
6. packaging plant management
1. Frozen durian processing plants exported to China should implement Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).
2. The processing plant should be kept clean and have good sanitary conditions.
3. MOA shall supervise and manage frozen durian processing plants and conduct regular inspections to ensure that no additives are used in the pulp and slurry.
8. Packaging requirements
1. The durians exported to China must be manually selected to remove diseased and rotten fruits, and remove insects, mites, branches, leaves and soil on the surface of the durians. Ripe durians are graded and classified to remove diseased fruits and impurities, clean them with pressurized water or compressed air, and treat them with fungicides if necessary.
2. Frozen durians exported to China should be individually packaged and stored to avoid re-infection of harmful organisms. Frozen durians should be packaged with new, clean and hygienic materials, and comply with China's phytosanitary requirements and safety and sanitation standards.
3. Each packaging box and retail packaging box of frozen durian exported to China should use Chinese and English to indicate the name of the goods, the place of production and the processing state of the product, the place of origin, the name and address of the processing plant and the exporter, the date of packaging, the shelf life and the net weight, etc. Information, each pallet of goods shipped is marked "This product is exported to the People's Republic of China" in Chinese.
4. Before the start of the project, MOA should provide GACC with label styles for confirmation.
5. Frozen durians exported to China must be checked for good sanitary conditions before they are packed.
6. If wooden packaging is used, it must comply with the International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM15).
9. Pre-export inspection and quarantine
1. MOA shall implement quarantine on frozen durians exported to China before export to ensure that they do not carry quarantine pests of concern to China.
2. MOA officials shall conduct sampling inspection and quarantine of each batch of frozen durians exported to China at a rate of 2%, including visual inspection of the whole frozen durian fruits. If quarantine pests, pathogenic microorganisms, pesticide residues exceeding the maximum residue limit (MRL), etc., of concern to China are found or detected, the goods shall not be exported to China.
X. Phytosanitary certificate requirements
For frozen durians that have passed inspection and quarantine, a phytosanitary certificate shall be issued by MOA, and the additional statement of the phytosanitary certificate shall indicate that “this batch of goods meets the requirements of the Protocol on Inspection and Quarantine Requirements for the Export of Malaysian Frozen Durian to China” (“The consignment is in compliance with requirements described in the Protocol of Inspection and Quarantine Requirements for the Export of Frozen Durian from Malaysia to China").
If the pulp or pulp is to be exported, a sanitary certificate must be issued at the same time as the phytosanitary certificate.
Before the start of the project, MOA should provide GACC with samples of sanitary certificates and phytosanitary certificates for confirmation and filing.
11. Entry inspection and quarantine and handling of non-conformities
(1) Verification of relevant certificates and logos
1. Check whether the phytosanitary certificate meets the requirements of item (5) of the "Pre-export Requirements" in Article 6 above.
2. Check whether the label on the packaging box meets the provisions of item (3) of the above-mentioned Article 6 "Pre-export Requirements".
(2) Entry inspection and quarantine
When the frozen durian arrives at the port of entry, China Customs shall implement inspection and quarantine in accordance with relevant laws, administrative regulations, and rules. Those who pass the inspection and quarantine will be allowed to enter the country.
Treatment of non-compliance
1. If it is found to come from an unregistered processing plant, the batch of frozen durians shall not be imported.
2. If quarantine pests of concern to China are found, the goods shall be returned or destroyed. GACC will immediately notify MOA to suspend the export of frozen durian to China from processing plants related to the orchard of the cargo until improvement measures are taken and GACC approval is obtained.
3. If the safety and health items are found to be unqualified, the batch of goods shall be returned or destroyed. GACC will immediately notify MOA to suspend the export of frozen durian from related processing plants to China until improvement measures are taken and GACC approval is obtained.
4. If the above-mentioned unqualified situations continue to occur, China will detain each shipment for testing, wait for laboratory test results, and even suspend the export of Malaysian frozen durian to China until the relevant requirements are met.
Before the start of the project, GACC will send quarantine officers to Malaysia's durian planting area to review the orchards and frozen durian processing plants. GACC will approve processing plants that meet the requirements of this protocol.
In the course of trade, based on the dynamics of the frozen durian epidemic in Malaysia and the interception situation, GACC will continue to carry out further risk assessments and promptly negotiate with MOA to adjust the list of quarantine pests and corresponding quarantine measures.